Godwin studied pharmacy at Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria, graduating in 2008. He then worked initially as a clinical pharmacist, and later as a senior regulatory affairs officer with the (Nigerian) National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control.
In 2012, he moved to the UK as a postgraduate student and completed an MSc in Biotechnology and Enterprise in 2013 at the University of Exeter. He obtained a PhD in Chemical Biology in 2017, working with Professor Nicholas Turner FRS at the University of Manchester. He was a postdoctoral research associate at the Manchester Institute of Biotechnology between 2017 and 2020, in the group of Professor David Leys. In mid-2020, he moved to the University of Cambridge where he is a Leverhulme/Isaac Newton Trust Early Career Research Fellow at the Department of Biochemistry.