QMRG Past Events

Reading List for Michaelmas Term 2016

Tuesday 11 October: Constructivism and Qualitative Research - Epistemology, Ontology and the Relativism-Realism Debate

Key reading:

Carla Willig (2015). Constructivism and ‘The Real World’: Can they co-exist? Paper presented at the BPS QMiP conference. Paper available here.

Weinberg, Darin. 2009. “On the Social Construction of Social Problems and Social Problems Theory: A Contribution to the Legacy of John Kitsuse.” American Sociologist. 40(1-2): 61-78. Article available here.

Further reading:

Weinberg, Darin. 2008. “The Philosophical Foundations of Constructionist Research.” InThe Handbook of Constructionist Research. Edited by James A. Holstein and Jaber Gubrium. New York: Guilford Press, pp. 13-39. Book available via various university libraries

Tuesday 25 October: The Role of the Researcher I

Dwyer, S. C., & Buckle, J. L. (2009). The space between: On being an insider-outsider in qualitative research. International journal of qualitative methods8(1), 54-63. Article available here.

Fink, A. S. (2000, December). The role of the researcher in the qualitative research process. A potential barrier to archiving qualitative data. In Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research (Vol. 1, No. 3). Article available here.

Peshkin, A. (1988). In search of subjectivity—one's own. Educational researcher, 17(7), 17-21. Article available here.

Tuesday 8 November: The Role of the Researcher II: On Responsibility towards and the Risk of Othering Research Participants (Each participant should read one of the papers in response to Fine’s and present the key arguments, and we can then discuss Fine’s original paper)

Fine, M. (1994). Working the hyphens. Handbook of qualitative research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Chapter available here.

Cunliffe, A. L., & Karunanayake, G. (2013). Working within hyphen-spaces in ethnographic research implications for research identities and practice. Organizational Research Methods16(3), 364-392. Article available here.

Wagle, T., & Cantaffa, D. T. (2008). Working our hyphens exploring identity relations in qualitative research. Qualitative Inquiry14(1), 135-159. Article available here.

Nicholls, R. (2009). Research and Indigenous participation: critical reflexive methods. International Journal of Social Research Methodology12(2), 117-126. Article available here.

Tuesday 29 November: The Power Dynamics of Interviewing

Duncombe, J., & Jessop, J. (2012). 'Doing rapport' and the ethics of 'faking friendship.' In T. Miller et al. (Eds.), Ethics in qualitative research (2nd ed.), (pp. 108-121). London: Sage. Chapter available here.
Limerick, B., Burgess‐Limerick, T., & Grace, M. (1996). The politics of interviewing: Power relations and accepting the gift. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 9(4), 449-460. Article available here.
Merriam, S. B., Johnson-Bailey, J., Lee, M. Y., Kee, Y., Ntseane, G., & Muhamad, M. (2001). Power and positionality: Negotiating insider/outsider status within and across cultures. International Journal of Lifelong Education, 20(5), 405-416. Article available here.


Friday 16 October - Triangulation, Data Collection and Managing Quality I
Key reading

Mason, J. (2006). Mixing methods in a qualitatively driven way. Qualitative Research, 6(1), 9-25. This paper is available here.
Flick, U. (2007). Managing Quality in Qualitative Research. SAGE, London. Chapter 4. Concepts of Triangulation. The chapter is available online via the University Library.
Optional further reading
Mason, J. (2006). Six strategies for mixing methods and linking data in social science research. This paper is available here.

Friday 30 October - Triangulation, Data Collection and Managing Quality II
Key reading

Flick, U. (2007). Managing Quality in Qualitative Research. SAGE, London. Chapter 4. Methodological Triangulation in Qualitative Research. The chapter is available online via the University Library.
Gillespie, A. (2006). Tourist photography and the reverse gaze. Ethos, 343-366. The paper is available online.

Friday 13 November - Coding and Data Analysis
Key reading

Gibbs, G. R. (2008). Analysing qualitative data. SAGE, London. Chapter 1. The nature of qualitative analysis. The chapter is available online via the University Library
Arksey, H., & Knight, P. (1999). Interviewing for Social Scientists. SAGE, London. Chapter 11. Meanings and Data Analysis. Please refer to your College or Department Library.
Further reading
Mason, J. (2002). Qualitative Researching. SAGE, London. Chapter 8, Organizing and indexing qualitative data. Please refer to your College or Department Library.

Friday 27 November - Thematic Data Analysis
Key reading

Attride-Stirling, J. (2001). Thematic networks: an analytic tool for qualitative research. Qualitative research, 1(3), 385-405. The paper is available online.
Provencher, C. (2011). Lauri on organ donation or how to teach the theory of social representations using a quality empirical study. Papers on Social Representations, 20(2), 35-1. The paper is available online.
Further reading
Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative research in psychology, 3(2), 77-101.The article is available online.
Gibbs, G. R. (2008). Analysing qualitative data. SAGE, London. Chapter 4. Thematic coding and categorizing. The chapter is available online via the University Library.
The paper discussed by Provencher (2011) is: Lauri, M. A. (2009). Metaphors of organ donation, social representations of the body and the opt‐out system. British journal of health psychology, 14(4), 647-666. The article is available online.

Friday 15 May – Doing Qualitative Research (differently) II: Emotional Investment and Lived Experiences
This meeting continued our debate from last week about the nature of reflexivity and its importance for qualitative research. In considering qualitative research from the standpoint of criminology and black feminism, this week’s reading asked whether and when we ought to do qualitative research differently. Readings for this week were:

Hill Collins, P. (2000). Black Feminist Epistemology (chp. 11). in Hill Collins, P. Black Feminist Thought. (2nd Ed). New York, London: Routledge

Jewkes, Y. (2012). Autoethnography and Emotion as Intellectual Resources. Doing Prison Research Differently. Qualitative Inquiry, 18(1), 63-75.

Friday 1 May – Doing Qualitative Research (differently) II: Reflexivity
In this meeting we discussed the role of the research in the research process and the need for reflexivity.

Pillow, W. (2003). Confession, catharsis, or cure? Rethinking the uses of reflexivity as methodological power in qualitative research. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 16(2), 175-196. The paper is available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/0951839032000060635

Beoku-Betts, J. (1994). When black is not enough: Doing field research among Gullah women. NWSA Journal, 413-433.The paper can be downloaded from: https://www.jstor.org/stable/4316353?&seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

If you find the time, please also consider the use of reflexivity in this study:

Weber, R. (2014). Negotiating Gender Social Identity in a Context of Migration. Papers on Social Representations, 23(2). The paper is available online: http://psych.lse.ac.uk/psr/PSR2014/2014_1_8.pdf

Friday 6 March – Validity
In this meeting we discussed the concept of validity and its suitability and adaptation in qualitative research.

Cho, J., & Trent, A. (2006). Validity in qualitative research revisited. Qualitative Research, 6 (3). The paper is available online: http://qrj.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/6/3/319

Flick, U. and Röhnsch, G. (2007) ‘Idealisation and neglect: health concepts of homeless adolescents’, Journal of Health Psychology, 12(5). The paper is available online: http://hpq.sagepub.com/content/12/5/737.

Friday 27 February – Sampling and data collection
In this meeting we discussed the aspect of sampling in qualitative research. Whereas quantitative research usually relies on probabilistic sampling strategies, the purpose and rationale of qualitative research often calls for non-probabilistic selection strategies.


Bauer, W.M., & Aarts, B. (2000). Corpus construction: a principle for qualitative data collection. (p.19 - 37) In: Bauer, W.M., & Gaskell, G. (Eds). Qualitative Researching with Text, Image and Sound. London: SAGE Publications.

Abrams, L. S. (2010). Sampling ‘hard to reach’ populations in qualitative research. The case of incarcerated youth. Qualitative Social Work, 9(4), 536-550. The paper is available here http://qsw.sagepub.com/content/9/4/536.full.pdf+html.

Friday 6 February – Ethnography and Field Research
In this meeting we read two papers that focused on ethnography and field research. Discussions centred on the question of triangulation of data (in the analysis process) versus triangulation of methods (in the data collection stage). This discussion was linked to our analysis of how triangulation in ethnography can arise from both a validation perspective and a holistic research approach.  In addition, we critically reflected on the notion of being a ‘participant’ versus being an ‘observer’. We read:

Chapter 3 ‘Triangulation in ethnography’ in Flick, U. (2008). Managing quality in qualitative research. London: Sage. The chapter is available online: http://srmo.sagepub.com/view/managing-quality-in-qualitative-research/SAGE.xml

And chapter 11 'Field research' in Singleton, R.A., & Straits, M.M. (1999). Approaches to Social Research. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Friday 23 January – Qualitative Interviews
Our first meeting focused on qualitative interviews. We critically reflected on some of the assumptions made by the texts. For example, we challenged the claim that the number of interviews is limited to 15 to 25 individual interviews (Gaskell, 2000).    

Hammersley, M. (2003). Recent radical criticism of interview studies: any implications for the sociology of education?. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 24 (1), 119 - 126.

Gaskell, G. (2000). Individual and group interviewing. (p. 38 – 56) In: Bauer, M.W., & Gaskell, G. (Eds). Qualitative researching with text, image and sound. London: Sage.