Science Society: Using sleight of hand to investigate human action perception in diverse species and taxa

Wolfson PhD Elias Garcia-Pelegrin
Date 13/05/2022 at 17.45 - 13/05/2022 at 19.00 Where Gatsby Room

Ever wondered how non-human animals perceive human actions? Or how they might respond to purposefully deceptive actions, such as slight-of-hand movements used in magic tricks? Wolfson PhD Elias Garcia-Pelegrin explores deception and cognition in crows and chimps to find out more.

Wolfson PhD Elias Garcia-Pelegrin

Abstract

Deceptive tactics depend on the deceiver being able to trick their victim. Magicians and pickpockets are successful in misleading their victim (or audience) because their techniques capitalise on human’s perceptual predispositions. Intricate sleight of hand movements (i.e. range of techniques involving hand motions commonly used by both magicians and pickpockets to deceive fellow human observers) capitalise on the observer’s inherent expectations of human actions. Consequently, the application of these deceptive motions to investigate the non-human mind can yield great insight into the evolution and inner workings of the expectations exploited by these techniques.

Are these expectations unique to humans? Can we explain similarities and disparities in perceptual predispositions because of cognitive capacity, neural structure, or other physical features? The answer to these questions is of fundamental importance for understanding the evolution of cognition across species, and to determine how non-human animals perceive human actions.

In this presentation, Garcia-Pelegrin explores these questions by reviewing the most recent studies with members of the corvid family and non-human primates to illustrate how the intersection between deceptive techniques and science can yield invaluable insight into the perceptual and cognitive mechanisms of both human and non-human animals.

About the speaker

Elias Garcia-Pelegrin is a PhD researcher in Comparative Cognition and Evolutionary Psychology at the University of Cambridge. Elias’ research focuses on the investigation of non-human expectations of human movement, and whether these expectations moderate the type of choices that non-human animals make when observing human actions.

Specifically, he studies the use of sleight of hand – namely a type of technique commonly used by magicians and pickpockets to deceive others – and the investigation of the specific factors that make both humans and other animals liable to be misled by these intricate movements of deception.  

Before his PhD at Cambridge, Elias studied Anthropology and Psychology at University College London (UCL), where he also pursued a master’s degree in Developmental Psychology.

Schedule

Drinks and nibbles will be available from 17.45. The talk will be from 18.00-19.00 and will include opportunities for questions from the audience.

What's on

Ellie Bladon, PhD student in the Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge

Science Society: Parental care: an evolutionary case of “use it or lose it”

27/05/2022 at 17.45

Phenotypic plasticity enables animals to flexibly adjust their behaviour to their social environment – sometimes through the expression of adaptive traits that have not been exhibited for several generations. The ability to revive these ‘ghosts of adaptations past’ could prove beneficial for populations living in a changing world.